Know Your State System | Noah Webster Educational Foundation

Know Your State System

Alabama

Alabama has a Department of Education, State Secretary, State Board, and State Superintendent. The State Board consists of 9 members and are elected to 4 year terms.
First: 1819
Article or Title: Article XIV: Sections 256-270
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 263
Statutes or Code: Title 16: Chapters 1-67
DoE Secretary: Secretary Dr. Barbara Cooper
State Superintendent: Superintendent Eric Mackey
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd: State Board; State Superintendent
State Board Members: 9 Members; Elected; 4 year term

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Alaska

Alaska has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner. The State Board consists of 7 members and are appointed to 5 year terms.
First: 1959
Article or Title: Article VII: Sections 1-5
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 1
Statutes or Code: Title 14: Chapters 3-60
State Commissioner: Dr. Michael Johnson
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner
State Board Members: 7 Members; Appointed; 5 year term

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Arizona

Arizona has a Department of Education, State Director, State Board, and State Superintendent. The State Board consists of 11 members and are appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1912
Article or Title: Article 11: Sections 1-11
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 8
Statutes or Code: Title 15: Chapters 1-19
DoE Secretary: Director Kaitlin Harrier
State Superintendent: Superintendent Kathy Hoffman
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities:  DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent
State Board Members: 11 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Arkansas

Arkansas has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner. The State Board consists of 9 members and are appointed to 7 year terms.
First: 1836
Article or Title: Article 14: Sections 1-4
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Title 6: Subtitles 1-6
State Commissioner: Johnny Key
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner
State Board Members: 9 Members; Appointed; 7 year term

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California

California has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent. The State Board consists of 11 members and are appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1849
Article or Title: Article IX: Sections 1-16
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 8
Statutes or Code: EDC: Titles 1-3
State Superintendent: Superintendent Tony Thurmond
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent
State Board Members: 11 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Colorado

Colorado has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner. The State Board consists of 7 members and are elected to 6 year terms.
First: 1876
Article or Title: Article IX: Sections 1-17
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 7
Statutes or Code: Title 22: Articles 1-98
State Commissioner: Commissioner Katy Anthes, Ph.D
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner
State Board Members: 7 Members; Elected; 6 year term

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Connecticut

Connecticut has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner. The State Board consists of 14 members and are appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1818
Article or Title: Article 8: Sections 1-4
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Title 10: Chapters 163-184c
State Commissioner: Acting Commissioner Charlene Russell-Tucker
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd: State Board; State Commissioner
State Board Members: 14 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Delaware

Delaware has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Secretary. The State Board consists of 9 members and are appointed to 6 year terms.
First: 1897
Article or Title: Article 10: Sections 1-6
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 3
Statutes or Code: Title 14: Chapters 1-94
State Secretary: Susan Bunting
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Secretary
State Board Members: 9 Members; Appointed; 6 year term

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District Of Columbia

District of Columbia has a Chancellor, Board of Education, and Executive Director. The Board has 9 members and are elected to 4 year terms.
Chancellor: Dr. Lewis D. Ferebee
Executive Director: John-Paul C. Hayworth
State or Local Control: District
Education Authorities: Board of Ed; Executive Director
State Board Members: 9 Members; Elected; 4 year term

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Florida

Florida has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner. The State Board consists of 7 members and are appointed to 4-year terms.
 
First: 1838
Article or Title: Article IX: Sections 1-8
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 6
Statutes or Code: Title XLVII: Chapters 1000-1013
State Commissioner: Richard Corcoran
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner
State Board Members: 7 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Georgia

Georgia has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent. The State Board consists of 14 members and are appointed to 7 year terms.
First: 1777
Article or Title: Article VIII: Sections I-VII
Blaine Amendment Language: Section VI
Statutes or Code: Title 20: Chapters 1-18
State Superintendent: Superintendent Richard Woods
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd: State Board; State Superintendent
State Board Members: 14 Members; Appointed; 7 year term

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Hawaii

Hawaii has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent. The State Board consists of 11 members and are appointed to 3 year terms.
First:1959
Article or Title: Article X: Sections 1-6
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 1
Statutes or Code: Title 18: Chapters 296-319
State Superintendent: Superintendent Christina Kishimoto, Ed.D
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd: State Board: State Superintendent
State Board Members: 11 Members; Appointed; 3 year term

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Idaho

Idaho has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The State Board consists of 7 members and are appointed to 5 year terms.
First: 1890
Article or Title: Article IX: Sections 1-11
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 5
Statutes or Code: Title 33: Chapters 1-61
State Superintendent: Superintendent Sherri Ybarra
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent of Public Instruction
State Board Members: 7 Members; Appointed; 5 year term

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Illinois

Illinois has a State Board of Education and State Superintendent. The State Board consists of 9 members and are appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1818
Article or Title: Article X: Sections 1-3
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 3
Statutes or Code: Chapter 105: Articles 1-36
State Superintendent: Superintendent Dr. Carmen I. Ayala
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: State Board of Ed; State Superintendent
State Board Members: 9 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Indiana

Indiana has a State Board of Education and Secretary of Education. The State Board consists of 11 members and are appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1816
Article or Title: Article 8: Sections 1-8
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 3
Statutes or Code: Title 20: Articles 1-51
Secretary of Education: Dr. Katie Jenner
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: State Board of Ed; State Superintendent
State Board Members: 11 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Iowa

Iowa has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Director of Education. The State Board consists of 9 members and are appointed to 6 year terms.
First: 1857
Article or Title: Article IX: 1st Sections 1-15; 2nd Sections 1-7
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Title VII: Chapters 256-305B
State Director of Education: Dr. Ann Lebo
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Director of Education
State Board Members: 9 Members; Appointed; 6 year term

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Kansas

Kansas has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 10 members and are elected to 4 year terms.
First: 1855
Article or Title: Article 6: Sections 1-7;
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 6(c)
Statutes or Code: Chapter 72: Articles 1-99
State Commissioner: Randy Watson
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 10 Members; Elected; 4 year term

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Kentucky

Kentucky has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 14 members and are appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1792
Article or Title: Sections 183-189
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 189
Statutes or Code: Title XIII: Chapters 156-170
State Commissioner: Jason E. Glass
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 14 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Louisiana

Louisiana has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent of Education. The State Board consists of 11 members where 3 members are appointed and 8 members are elected with all members serving 4 year terms.
First: 1812
Article or Title: Article VIII: Sections 1-16
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Title 17: 17.1 – 17.5122
State Superintendent: Cade Brumley
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent of Education
State Board Members: 11 Members; Appointed & Elected; 4 year term

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Maine

Maine has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 9 members and are appointed to 5 year terms.
First: 1820
Article or Title: Article VIII. Part First: Sections 1-2
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Title 20: Parts 1-6
State Commissioner: Pender Makin
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 9 Members; Appointed; 5 year term

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Maryland

Maryland has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent of Schools. The State Board consists of 12 members and are appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1776
Article or Title: Article VIII: Sections 1-3
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Sections 1-26
State Superintendent: Mohammed Choudhury
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent of Schools
State Board Members: 12 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Massachusetts

Massachusetts has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 9 members and are appointed to 5 year terms.
First: 1780
Article or Title: Chapter V: Article I-III & Section II
Blaine Amendment Language: Section II
Statutes or Code: Part 1: Title XII: Chapters 69-78A
DoE Secretary: Secretary James Peyser
State Commissioner: Jeffrey C. Riley
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 9 Members; Appointed; 5 year term

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Michigan

Michigan has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent. The State Board consists of 8 members and are elected to 8 year terms.
First: 1835
Article or Title: Article VIII: Sections 1-9
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 2
Statutes or Code: Act 451-1976: Articles 1-4
State Superintendent: Superintendent Dr. Michael Rice
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent
State Board Members: 8 Members; Elected; 8 year term

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Minnesota

Minnesota has a Department of Education and State Commissioner of Education. There is no State Board of education for K-12.
First: 1857
Article or Title: Article XIII: Sections 1-3
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 2
Statutes or Code: Chapters 120-137
State Commissioner: Dr. Heather Mueller
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Commissioner of Education
School choice: The Minnesota Department of Education reports that there are 2,097 public schools in the state with 893,875 K-12 students enrolled. There are 58,315 public school teachers in Minnesota, with an average of 15 years of experience statewide. Minnesotans also have the option of attending one of the state's 160 public charter schools, with 62,751 PreK-12 students enrolled. 
     Minnesota school districts use an open enrollment program, which means that families can apply to a traditional public school that's outside of their district. Since no two public schools are the same, this option enables families to find the best school for their children. Over 86,000 Minnesota students use this school choice option.
     For nonpublic school options, private schools and homeschooling are also available. Since private schools charge tuition, Minnesota parents may be eligible for certain tax deduction programs. The state has 458 nonpublic schools with 65,738 students enrolled. Additionally, there are 20,201 homeschooled children in the state.
 
References:

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Mississippi

Mississippi has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The State Board consists of 9 members and are appointed to 9 year terms.
First: 1817
Article or Title: Article 8: Sections 201-213B
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 208
Statutes or Code: Title 37: Chapters 1-181
State Superintendent: Dr. Carey M. Wright
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent of Public Education
State Board Members: 9 Members; Appointed; 9 year term
School ChoiceThe Mississippi Department of Education reports there are 442,122 students enrolled in the state, with 31,856 classroom teachers. There are 140 school districts. Public school enrollment has declined, with 25,489 children currently homeschooled. 
     Mississippi families have several types of schools to choose from. The state is home to traditional public schools, charter schools, magnet schools, private schools, homeschool, learning pods, and online schools. Mississippi also offers some open enrollment policies for school districts, meaning that families may send their children to a public school outside their district of residence. However, individual school districts get to decide their own open enrollment policy. The state only requires that school districts have open enrollment for children who live 30 miles or more away from their district school. If families wish to send their children to private school, they will have to pay tuition, but the state offers some scholarship programs to children with special needs.
     Mississippi has made steady improvements in education in recent years. The graduation rate for 2021 was over 87%, higher than the national average of 86% in the same year. The dropout rate has declined in the past five years. In 2016, it was at 11.8%, and in 2021, it went down to 8.8%. Mississippi’s national ranking has improved, having risen from the low of #50 to #39 out of all states. Mississippi ranks first in the nation for most improvement in 4th-grade reading and math scores.
 
References:
 

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Missouri

Missouri has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 8 members and are appointed to 8 year terms.
First: 1820
Article or Title: Article IX: Sections 1-10
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 8
Statutes or Code: Chapters 160-186
State Commissioner: Dr. Margie Vandeven
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 8 Members; Appointed; 8 year term

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Montana

Montana has an Office of Public Instruction, Board of Public Education, and State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The Board consists of 7 members and are appointed to 7 year terms.
First: 1889
Article or Title: Article X: Sections 1-11
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 6
Statutes or Code: Title 20: Chapters 1-32
State Superintendent: Elsie Arntzen
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: OPI; Board of Public Education; State Superintendent of Public Instruction
State Board Members: 7 Members; Appointed; 7 year term

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Nebraska

Nebraska has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 8 members and are elected to 4 year terms.
First: 1875
Article or Title: Article VII: Sections 1-17
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 11
Statutes or Code: Chapter 79: 101-2704
State Commissioner: Dr. Matthew L. Blomstedt
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 8 Members; Elected; 4 year term

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Nevada

Nevada has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The State Board consists of 11 members with 4 being elected to 4 year terms and 7 appointed for 2 year terms.
First: 1864
Article or Title: Article 11: Sections 1-10
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 10
Statutes or Code: Title 34: Chapters 385-400
State Superintendent: Jhone Ebert
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent of Public Instruction
State Board Members: 11 Members; 4 Elected / 7 Appointed; 4 year / 2 year term

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New Hampshire

New Hampshire has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 7 members and are appointed to 5 year terms.
First: 1776
Article or Title: Part Second: Article 6-b
Blaine Amendment Language: Article 83
Statutes or Code: Title XV: Chapters 186-200N
State Commissioner: Frank Edelblut
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 7 Members; Appointed; 5 year term

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New Jersey

New Jersey has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 13 members and are appointed to 6 year terms.
First: 1947
Article or Title: Article VIII: Section IV
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Title 18A: Sections 1-66
State Commissioner: Angelica Allen-McMillan (Acting Commissioner)
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 13 Members; Appointed; 6 year term

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New Mexico

New Mexico has a Department of Education, State Commission, and State Secretary of Education. The State Commission consists of 10 members and are elected to 4 year terms.
First: 1911
Article or Title: Article XII: Sections 1-13
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 3
Statutes or Code: Chapter 22: Articles 1-35
State Secretary: Dr. Kurt Steinhaus
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Commission; State Secretary of Education
State Board Members: 10 members; Elected; 4 year term

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New York

New York has a Department of Education, Board of Regents, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 17 members and are elected to 5 year terms.
First: 1777
Article or Title: Article XI: Sections 1-3
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 3
Statutes or Code: EDN: Titles 1-9
State Commissioner: Dr. Betty A. Rosa
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; Board of Regents; State Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 17 Members; Elected; 5 year term

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North Carolina

North Carolina has a Department of Public Instruction, State Board, and State Superintendent. The State Board consists of 11 members and are appointed to 8 year terms.
First: 1776
Article or Title: Article IX: Sections 1-10
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Chapter 115C: Sections 1-598
State Superintendent: Catherine Truitt
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: Dept of Public Instruction; State Board; State Superintendent
State Board Members: 11 members; Appointed; 8 year term

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North Dakota

North Dakota has a Department of Public Instruction, State Board, and State Superintendent. The State Board consists of 7 members and are appointed to 6 year terms.
First: 1889
Article or Title: Article VIII: Sections 1-6
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 5
Statutes or Code: Title: 15.1: Chapters 1-38
State Superintendent: Kirsten Baesler
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: Dept of Public Instruction; State Board; State Superintendent
State Board Members: 7 Members; Appointed; 6 year term

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Ohio

Ohio has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The State Board consists of 19 members with 8 appointed and 11 elected to 4 year terms.
First: 1803
Article or Title: Article VI: Sections 1-6
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 2(IJ – none)
Statutes or Code: Title 33: Chapters 01-85
State Superintendent: Stephanie K. Siddens (Interim Superintendent)
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd: State Board; State Superintendent of Public Instruction
State Board Members: 19 Members (11 elected/8 appointed); 4 year term

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Oklahoma

Oklahoma has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The State Board consists of 7 members appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1907
Article or Title: Article XIII: Sections 1-8
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 1a
Statutes or Code: Title 70: 1-8005
State Superintendent: Joy Hofmeister
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent of Public Instruction
State Board Members: 7 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Oregon

Oregon has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Director. The State Board consists of 7 members appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1857
Article or Title: Article VIII: Sections 1-8
Blaine Amendment Language: Sections 2 & 4
Statutes or Code: Volume 9: Chapters 326-365
State Director: Colt Gill
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Director
State Board Members: 7 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Secretary of Education. The State Board consists of 21 members with 17 appointed and 4 elected to 6 year terms.
First: 1776
Article or Title: Article IIIB: Sections 14-15
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 15
Statutes or Code: Title 24: Parts I-VI
State Secretary: Noe Ortego
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Secretary of Education
State Board Members: 21 Members; 17 Appointed/4 Elected; 6 year term

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Rhode Island

Rhode Island has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 17 members and are appointed to 3 year terms.
First: 1790
Article or Title: Article XII: Sections 1-4
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Title 16: Chapters 1-109
State Commissioner: Angelica Infante-Green
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 17 Members; Appointed; 3 year term

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South Carolina

South Carolina has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent of Education. The State Board consists of 17 members and are appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1776
Article or Title: Article XI: Sections 1-4
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 4
Statutes or Code: Title 59: Chapters 1-156
State Superintendent: Molly Mitchell Spearman
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent of Education
State Board Members: 17 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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South Dakota

South Dakota has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Secretary of Education. The State Board consists of 9 members and are appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1889
Article or Title: Article VIII: Sections 1-20
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 16
Statutes or Code: Title 13: Chapters 1-65
State Secretary: Tiffany Sanderson
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Secretary of Education
State Board Members: 9 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Tennessee

Tennessee has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 9 members and are appointed to 5 year terms.
First: 1796
Article or Title: Article XI: Section 12
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Title 49: Chapters 1-50
State Commissioner: Dr. Penny Schwinn
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 9 Members; Appointed; 5 year term

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Texas

Texas has a Texas Education Agency, State Board, and State Commissioner of Education. The State Board consists of 15 members and are elected to 4 year terms.
First: 1836
Article or Title: Article VII: Sections 1-20
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 5
Statutes or Code: Titles 1-6
State Commissioner: Mike Morath
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: Texas Education Agency; State Board; State Commissioner of Education
State Board Members: 15 Members; Elected; 4 year term

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Utah

Utah has a State Board of Education and State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The State Board consists of 15 members and are elected to 4 year terms.
First: 1895
Article or Title: Article X: Sections 1-9
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 9
Statutes or Code: Title 53B-G
State Superintendent: Dr. Sydnee Dickson
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: State Board of Education; State Superintendent of Public Instruction
State Board Members: 15 Members; Elected; 4 year term

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Vermont

Vermont has a Agency of Education, State Board, and State Secretary of Education. The State Board consists of 11 members and are appointed to 6 year terms.
First: 1777
Article or Title: Chapter II: Section 68
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Title 16: Chapters 1-133
State Secretary: Dr. Daniel M. French
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: Agency of Education; State Board; State Secretary of Education
State Board Members: 11 Members; Appointed; 6 year term

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Virginia

Virginia has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The State Board consists of 9 members and are appointed to 4 year terms.
First: 1776
Article or Title: Article VIII: Sections 1-11
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 10
Statutes or Code: Title 22.1: Chapters 1-25
State Superintendent: Dr. Rosa Atkins (Acting Superintendent)
State or Local Control: Local
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent of Public Instruction
State Board Members: 9 Members; Appointed; 4 year term

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Washington

Washington has an Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, State Board of Education, and State Superintendent. The Board consists of 16 members with 7 appointed and 5 elected to 4 year terms.
First: 1889
Article or Title: Article IX: Sections 1-5
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 4
Statutes or Code: Title 28A: Chapters 15-900
State Superintendent: Chris Reykdal
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: OSPI; State Board; State Superintendent
State Board Members: 16 Members; Appointed & Elected; 4 year term

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West Virginia

West Virginia has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent of Schools. The State Board consists of 12 members and are appointed to 9 year terms.
First: 1863
Article or Title: Article XII: Sections 1-12
Blaine Amendment Language: None
Statutes or Code: Chapter 18: Articles 1-32
State Superintendent: W. Clayton Burch
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent of Schools
State Board Members: 12 Members; Appointed; 9 year term

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Wisconsin

Wisconsin has a Department of Public Instruction and State Superintendent of Public Instruction. No reference to a State Board, but the State Superintendent is elected and serves a 4 year term.
First: 1848
Article or Title: Article X: Sections 1-8
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 3
Statutes or Code: Chapters 115-121
State Superintendent: Dr. Jill Underly
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: Dept of Public Instruction; State Superintendent of Public Instruction

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Wyoming

Wyoming has a Department of Education, State Board, and State Superintendent. The State Board consists of 11 members and are appointed to 6 year terms.
First: 1889
Article or Title: Article 7: Sections 1-23
Blaine Amendment Language: Section 8
Statutes or Code: Title 21: Chapters 1-24
State Superintendent: Jillian Balow
State or Local Control: State
Education Authorities: DoEd; State Board; State Superintendent
State Board Members: 11 Members; Appointed; 6 year term

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Vision & Mission

Our Vision:
To change education and culture through foundational principles and sound policy.

Our Mission:
To educate and collaborate with individuals and organizations to tell the story of America’s education and culture, identify foundational principles that improve it, and advance practice and policy to change it.